Heatmap - Everything You Need to Know!

A heatmap is a graphical representation of data that uses colors to depict different values. It allows for the clear and visually appealing presentation of large amounts of data. Essentially, heatmaps are like thermal cameras for data. Their primary application is to analyze user behavior on websites, showing where users click, how far they scroll on the page, and what the results of eye-tracking tests are. Heatmaps provide information in an easily understandable visual form.

However, there are limitations to heatmaps. If heatmaps are misinterpreted, they can lead to inaccurate conclusions. They are helpful in understanding what happens on a website but cannot always explain the reasons behind user behavior. Heatmaps are particularly useful in website design, user behavior analysis, and growth hacking. They can aid in analyzing user behavior on websites, improving the effectiveness of on-page SEO measures, and optimizing conversion rates.

How do heatmaps work?

Various color schemes can be used in heatmaps, ranging from grayscale to rainbow colors. Rainbow-colored maps are often preferred as they make it easier to interpret data points.

The “hot” areas of a heatmap, typically represented by warmer colors, are the most popular among users. The “cold” areas, usually depicted by cooler colors, are less popular.

There are two main categories of heatmaps:

  • Interaction heatmaps are used to identify how users interact with a website or blog, tracking clicks, mouse movements, and scroll behavior.
  • Attention heatmaps are more complex, utilizing eye-tracking technology to record a user’s eye movement while scanning a website.

Different types of heatmaps

Scroll Heatmaps

Scroll heatmaps show the percentage of visitors scrolling through each section of your webpage. The “hotter” the section, the more visitors have viewed it. This data can help determine where CTAs or crucial information on your webpage should be placed. For example, if visitors only scroll halfway down the page, it would make more sense to place a CTA higher up rather than in the middle or bottom. Remember: when using scroll heatmaps, always consider metrics on various devices, including smartphones and tablets.

Click Heatmaps

As the name suggests, click heatmaps identify the parts of your page that visitors click on most frequently. The “hotter” the section, the more often visitors click on it. This data can show whether visitors are willing to click on your CTAs or other buttons that allow them to perform a desired action. It can also reveal if they are distracted by non-clickable elements or experiencing navigation issues.

Hover Heatmaps

Hover heatmaps, also known as mouse-tracking heatmaps, show where visitors place their cursor while reading your website. The “hotter” the area, the longer they linger with the cursor. This data can help determine how visitors navigate your website, allowing you to place important elements where they receive the maximum attention. For example, a growth hacker can track hover patterns on a checkout page to see where customers experience the most friction.

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How to use heatmaps?

Analyzing heatmaps for every type of page on your website would be ideal, but unfortunately, it is not efficient. The most effective way to use heatmaps is to analyze the pages that have the greatest impact on your website’s conversion rate: your homepage, landing pages, and blog posts with high conversion.


Your homepage is an introduction to your brand. By consistently monitoring which sections visitors scroll through, whether they hover over crucial information, and if they click on CTAs, you can pinpoint where the most important elements of your homepage should be placed to reduce bounce rates and increase conversion rates.

Landing Pages

Your landing pages are the final step in turning visitors into leads. By analyzing user behavior on these pages, you can implement the optimal design for landing pages to generate the most leads for your business.

Blog Posts with High Conversion Rate

The placement of CTAs in your blog posts can have a significant impact on your conversion rate. For example, at HubSpot, it was found that banner CTAs at the end of the post, while visually appealing, generated only a small portion of our blog leads.

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